This is an alphabetical listing of all images on my film site... a sampling of film images taken from the 1980's to June 2005. Most of these images date from 1992, when I assembled my 14.5" f5 Newtonian reflector. Space considerations had prevented me form exhibiting more images, especially those taken in the 1970's (with a C8 and 103aF film) and 1980's (with my 8" f5 Newtonian reflector on hypered Kodak Tech Pan 2415). I am presently imaging from my home in Thousand Oaks, California, using the 8" f5 and 14.5" f5 Newtonians, and an SBIG ST-8XME. Click here to see my ccd site. As always, click on the object designation (name) for the image.

This site is no longer updated / maintained

To view thumbnails of all images on this site, go to the Thumbnail Page.

links to all pages (bottom of page)


Wonder what the prefixes mean for the objects? Check out the Prefix Page
Listing is alphabetical, by object's common designation (name)

A | B | E | G | I | M | N | P | S | U | V
Andromeda I, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (54k)

This dwarf elliptical Galaxy in Andromeda is really faint! Just a small scattering of faint dots near the center of this image.

Located at 00h 45m 31s +38d 01m 53s

SprintScan 4000 scan
Andromeda III, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 150 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (44k)

This very faint dwarf E2 Galaxy in Andromeda is located at 00h 35m 31s +30d 36m 04s

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B 33 (the 'Horsehead'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (80k)

The famous Horsehead nebula. The Dark Nebula Barnard 33 is a cold dark cloud of 'dust' that appears in front of the curtain of faint light that is known as the Bright Nebula IC 434. The silhouette of B 33 is what gives this interesting area in Orion its famous moniker. The bright blob of nebulosity to the northeast (upper left) is the bright nebula NGC 2023. The straight lines coming down from the north (top) are portions of the diagonal spikes from Alnitak (Zeta Orionis, 1.7 magnitude), about 32 minutes to the north.

Center of this image is at approximately 05h 40m 52s -02d 22m 13s

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B46, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 105 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (134k)

This object was a reshoot from July 2003 to try for better stellar images ... well, they're a little better ...

I incidentally captured an asteroid named (3628) Welther, at about 15.16 magnitude, during the 105 minutes of this exposure started 0845 UT 2005 06 05

A kidney-bean shaped Dark Nebulae area classified as 6 Ir G, and located in Ophiuchus at 16h 57m 12s -22d 44m 00s

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B 61, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 65 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (158k)

A nice inky dark (6 Ir) Dark Nebula in Ophiuchus. Located at 17h 15m 01s -20d 30m 20s

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B62, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 105 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (175k)

Another of the many Ophiuchus Dark Nebulae in this incredible region of the Milky Way. Classified as 6 Ir, B62 is located at 17h 16m 11s -20d 56m 36s

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B 72 (the 'Snake'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (202k)

This is the famous 'S' Dark Nebula in Ophiuchus located at 17h 23m 30s -23d 38m 00s

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B 83a and B 84, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 85 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (213k)

A very interesting Dark Nebulae complex in Sagittarius. B 83a (6 E? G) is the small (4.0 arc minutes) elliptical dark nebula to the northwest (upper right) of this image, while B 84 (6 Ir) is the large (30 x 15 arc minutes), complex, tarantula-looking area at southeast (lower left) portion of this image. The center of this field is located at approximately 17h 46m 05s -20d 05m 47s

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Barnard 133, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (155k)

This kidney shaped Dark Nebula in Aquila is a very dark spot against the Milky Way. Located at 19h 06m 06s -06d 50m 00s

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B 134, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (129k)

A kidney-shaped Dark Nebula (6 C G) in Aquila. Also known as LDN 543, this object is located at 19h 06m 54s -06d 14m 00s

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B 335, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 105 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (85k)

Another of those kidney-bean Dark Nebulae, this on classified as 6 E G, and located in Aquila at 19h 36m 54s +07d 34m 00s

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B 352, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (179k)

This nice Dark Nebula is often over looked, as it is located just to the north of the North America nebula. A fairly large (20 x 10 arc minutes) and prominent (5 Ir) area located in Cygnus at 20h 57m 08s +45d 52m 19s

This image is a Picture Window 2.5 blend of a August 3 2003 100 minute and the August 23 2003 120 minute image above

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ESO 594-G004 (Sagittarius Dwarf), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 170 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (76k)

This is not the object in the Sky & Telescope May 1998 article. This dwarf irregular Galaxy in Sagittarius is at 19h 30m 00s, -17d 40m 42s, and is plotted in Megastar v3 and v4, Arizona Database v9.0, and Uranometria 2000. It is not plotted in the Millennium Star Atlas

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GN 03.27.8 (Nova GK Persei 1901), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12") 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (50k)

This Planetary Nebula (Nova shell) in Perseus was misclassified as a faint Galaxy (MCG+07-08-022, PGC 13065)

Located at 03h 31m 12s +43d 54m 18s

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GN 20.45.4.01 (PV Cephei), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (57k)

This little wisp of a Bright Nebula in Cepheus is also called "Gyulbudaghain's Nebula". It is one of the rare objects (like Hubble's variable nebula) that show changes in structure over time. Located at 20h 45m 54s +67d 58m 00s

See this color image by Adam Block/Mount Lemon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

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IC 10, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 150 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (105k)

IC 10 is an Dwarf Irregular Galaxy in the Cassiopeia Milky Way. Located at 00h 20m 25s +59d 17m 30s

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IC 239, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 150 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (73k)

A member of the NGC 1023 group. IC 239 is a face-on Sc spiral Galaxy in Andromeda located at 02h 36m 28s +38d 58m 12s

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IC 342, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 130 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (144k)

This large and low surface brightness Galaxy is located in the fringes of the winter Milky Way in Camelopardalis. This was the last shot of the night, and the sky transparency from the October 2003 Southern California wildfires had deteriorated (from the smoke), and the winds had shifted to the west and gusting to over 10mph.

IC 342 is located at 03h 46m 50s +68d 05m 45s

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IC 356, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (45k)

Another almost face-on spiral Galaxy, this one in Camelopardalis. Located at 04h 07m 47s +69d 48m 47s

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IC 1470, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 10 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (20k)

This is the 'core' of a Bright Nebula complex in Cepheus that is also known as Sh2-156 and LBN 537. Deep images overexpose this area. This enlarged short exposure gives an image reminiscent of a planetary nebula (field is about 5' square). Located at 23h 05m 11s +60d 15m 22s

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IC 1613, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 135 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (78k)

This dwarf irregular Galaxy in Cetus is a member of the Local Group. Located at 01h 04m 48s +02d 07m 10s

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IC 1747, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 4 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (20k)

This little Planetary Nebula in Cassiopeia is about 13 arc seconds in size and 13.6 photographic magnitude.

Located at 01h 57m 36s +63d 19m 20s

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IC 2120, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 75 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (52k)

Although it looks like a planetary nebula (cataloged as PK169-0.1), this object seems to be a gaseous nebulae (Bright Nebula). The original discovery observation by M. G. Bigourdan was of Comet 113P/Spitaler. From The Webb Society Quarterly Journal, Issue 104, pages 1 to 8. This nebula is in Auriga and is located at 05h 18m 10s +37d 33m 28s

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IC 2574 ('Coddington's Nebula'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 150 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (80k)

This large (13.2' x 5.4') Dwarf Irregular Galaxy in Ursa Major is located at 10h 28m 23s +68d 24m 59s

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IC 4603, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (70k)

One of the many blue Reflection Nebula in the Rho Ophiuchi complex on the Scorpius/Ophiuchus border. A very faint satellite passed diagonally through IC 4603 as this image was being exposed. IC 4603 is located at 16h 25m 15s -24d 26m 00s

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IC 5146 (the 'Cocoon' nebula), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (159k)

This combination Bright Nebula and Open Cluster is located at the eastern end of the dark nebula B168, and is set amid the Cygnus Milky Way.

Located at 21h 53m 30s +47d 16m 00s

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MCG-03-01-015 ('WLM {Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte} System')

14.5" f5 Newtonian, 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (51k)

A faint Irregular Galaxy located in Cetus at 00h 02m, 00s -15d 27m 01s

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MCG-06-02-022A, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 80 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (47k)

This is the famous 'Cartwheel' Galaxy in Sculptor. See image from the Hubble space telescope. The small (1.5' x 1.3') ring structure shows nicely, but the interior details are a little lacking in comparison to the Hubble image. Also known as ESO 350-G040

The Cartwheel is located at 00h 37m 42s -33d 43m 01s

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M 1 (the 'Crab Nebula'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 60 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (98k)

The famous Crab Nebula! This object is possibly the most studied (at all wavelengths) astronomical object in the sky. A Supernova Remnant. The visible manifestation of a star in the constellation Taurus that exploded in 1054A.D., and was recorded as a 'new' star by Oriental astronomers. M 1 is about 6.0' x 4.0' and a bright 9th magnitude.

This image is a Picture Window Pro 2.5 blend of a October 1991 image at 50 minutes and the December 2002 image at 60 minutes. The December 2002 image was a little overexposed in the nebula's center, and the large drop in temperature slightly changed the focus. By blending the 1991 and 2002 images together I got better star images than either exposure, and retained most of the interior detail that the shorter 1991 image revealed.

M 1 is located at 05h 34m 30s +22d 01m 00s

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M 8 (the 'Lagoon' nebula), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12") on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (136k)

This image is a Picture Window Pro 2.5 blend of consecutive 30 minute and 15 minute exposures from the same night

The image is an attempt to show details in the inner portions of the nebula

The 'Lagoon' nebula in Sagittarius is located at 18h 04m 03s -24d 18m 00s

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M 19, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 60 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (192k)

This large Messier Globular Cluster in Ophiuchus is located at 17h 02m 38s -26d 16m 06s

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M 20, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 30 and 70 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (138k)

The 'Triffid Nebula' in Sagittarius is a complex region of Bright Nebula, Dark Nebula and Reflection nebulosity located about 1.4 degrees north of M 8 (the 'Lagoon Nebula'). This region is just above the Sagittarius Star Cloud (towards the center of our galaxy) and contains innumerable kinds and classes of objects. A visual and photographic playground! M 20 is located at 18h 02m 25s -22d 59m 00s

This image is a Picture Window 2.5 blend of 30 minute and 70 minute exposures taken back to back on the same night

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M 21, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 40 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (121k)

This bright (5.9 magnitude) Messier Open Cluster is just 35 arc minutes NNE of M 20 (the Trifid Nebula) in Sagittarius, and is set amid a bright Milky Way background that is just visible in this 40 minute exposure. M 21 is located at 18h 04m 13s -22d 29m 51s

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M 22, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 70 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (145k)

This spectaular Messier Globular Cluster in Sagittarius is set amid a dense star field on the eastern edge of the Great Sagittarius Star cloud. Among the largest globuars in apparent size (24 arc minutes), this object would be much more appreciated by us 'northerners' if it were higher in our sky. M 22 is located at 18h 36m 24s -23d 54m 12s

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M 31, 8" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(6.67"), 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (152k)

This image of the Great Galaxy in Andromeda is from 1987. This is one of the negatives that was too dark for my old HP scanner, but scans fine on the SprintScan. I made this image a little larger than usual (1280 x 779), but it's still only one third of the original scan.

North is to the lower right on this image

M 31 is centered at 00h 42m 44s +41d 16m 08s

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M 31 (Northeast), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (163k)

This view of the Great Galaxy in Andromeda is of the northeastern portion. North is to the upper right of this image.

Approximate center of this image is at 00h 44m 04s +41d 34m 15s

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M 32 and NGC 206 in M 31, 14.5" f 5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12") 130 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (256k)

M 32 is the round elliptical Galaxy at the upper left (northeast), NGC 206 is the resolved Star Cloud to the lower right (southwest). M 32 is set against the large background spiral Galaxy M 31, while NGC 206 is part of a spiral arm of M 31.

The center of this image is at approximately 00h 41m 28s +40d 49m 22s

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M 45 (the 'Pleiades'), 8" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(6.67"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (109k)

The 'Seven Sisters'. This large Messier Open Cluster is intertwined in gas/dust. Located in Taurus at 03h 47m 29s +24d 06m 18s

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M 51 (the 'Whirlpool'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 60 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (67k)

M 51 is a classic face-on spiral Galaxy (Sbc(s) in Canes Venatici with an interacting companion (NGC 5195). M 51 is large and bright, and reveals spiral structure visually in 6 to 8 inch telescope when viewed from a dark site.

M 51 was imaged as the last object of the first Saturday night in late March, when the seeing had settled down enough for the mount to track properly for the last 60 minutes of darkness.

This image is a Picture Window 2.5 blend of the 60 minute March 2003 image above and a 75 minute June 1993 image

M 51 is located at 13h 29m 53s +47d 11m 48s

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M 57, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 10/11 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (21k)

The prototypical Planetary Nebula.

The October ten minute image was "fixed" in Photoshop to mask the 'trailing' in over a dozen stars that was caused by a wind gust near the end of the exposure. This image is a Picture Window 2.5 blend of the October 2002 image and an August 1995 eleven minute (at f6) image taken from my house in Thousand Oaks.

M 57 is located in Lyra at 18h 53m 35s +33d 01m 45s

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M 63 (the 'Sunflower'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (39k)

This large Messier Galaxy in Canes Venatici is located at 13h 15m 49s +42d 02m 06s

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M 67, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 65 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (71k)

One of the oldest Open Clusters in the sky, this large (29 arc minutes) and bright (6.9 magnitude) grouping in Cancer contains 200 member stars and is located well away from the Milky Way. A real treat visually in a larger telescope

M 67 is located at 08h 51m 24s +11d 49m 00s

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M 69, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 65 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (120k)

M 69 is one of three Messier Globular Clusters in the body of the Sagittarius 'Teapot' (M 54 & M 70 are the other two). M 69 and M 70 are located at almost the same declination (M 70 is only about 3 minutes of declination higher and 2.5 degrees due East).

M 69 is located at 18h 31m 23s -32d 20m 54s

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M 74, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 180 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (47k)

A large, but low surface brightness, Messier Galaxy in Pisces located at 01h 36m 42s +15d 47m 00s

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M 81, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (112k)

M 81 is a close (about 0.5 degrees) companion to M 82 (see below).

This beautiful Sb spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major is located at 09h 55m 34s +69d 04m 00s

Click here to see the faint irregular ImV companion Galaxy to Messier 81, called Holmberg IX (UGC 5336) (26k)

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M 82, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 40 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (29k)

M 82 is a close (about 0.5 degrees) companion to M 81 (see above). This is an irregular 'star burst' Galaxy. Red light images show a large outflow of material from the chaotic central region, which has 'recently' undergone an intense period of star formation.

Located at 09h 55m 54s +69d 40m 57s

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M 83, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 75 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (122k)

M 83 is a wonderful SBc spiral Galaxy in Hydra, located at 13h 37m 00s -29d 54m 04s

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M 87 area, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (72k)

M 87 in Virgo is an extremely large elliptical Galaxy (E 0-1 peculiar)) and is the brightest (9.7 blue) member of the Virgo Cluster. M 87 also has an active nucleus with a large jet that can be seen here in this 5 minute exposure. The two bright galaxies to the lower right (southwest) are NGC 4478 and 4476.

M 87 is located at 12h 30m 50s +12d 23m 24s

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M 88 with supernova 1999c1, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 80 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (54k)

M 88 is a nice Sbc spiral Galaxy in Coma Berenices that 'hosted' a supernova (arrow) in 1999. Located at 12h 32m 00s +14d 25m 17s

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M 97 (the 'Owl' nebula), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (59k)

The Owl is a fairly bright (12.0 photographic magnitude) and large (2.8 minutes) Planetary Nebula in Ursa Major. Supposedly one of the faintest of the Messier objects, I have always found this an easy object to spot in a dark sky.

Located at 11h 14m 48s +55d 01m 08s

This image is a Picture Window Pro 2.5 blend of the above 100 minute image and a 45 minute image from 1992

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M 99, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 115 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (107k)

This medium sized (5.7 x 4.7 arc minutes) and fairly bright (9.9 visual) 3-branched Spiral Galaxy (SA(s)c) in Coma Berenices is one of the more obvious visual spirals in the sky, when viewed with a large telescope under dark skies.

M 99 is located at 12h 18m 50s +14d 25m 02s

This image is a Picture Window 2.5 blend of the above 115 minute April 2004 image and a 90 minute March 1995 image

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M 100, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (27k)

This image is was taken during the January 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake. The epicenter of this 6.7 magnitude earthquake was approximately 40 miles from Mt Pinos. I was approximately 16 minutes into the exposure when the quake struck at 4:31 a.m. local time. Since I didn't loose the guide star (I was manually guiding), I continued with the exposure. At the time, the true severity of the earthquake was not known

M 100 is a classic face-on Sc spiral Galaxy in Coma Berenices located at 12h 22m 55s +15d 49m 23s

This image is a Picture Window Pro 2.5 blend of two SprintScan scans of the same negative

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2000-3999 | 4000 - 6999 | 7000 up
NGC 45, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (33k)

This face on Scd spiral Galaxy is among the lowest surface brightness of any galaxy known. Background galaxies can be seen through the body of the galaxy. Located in Cetus at 00h 14m 03s -23d 11m 01s

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NGC 55, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 65 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (34k)

This large (32' x 6') on edge spiral Galaxy in Sculptor get to only about 15 degrees above my horizon, making the star images and resolution poor for this image. Located at 00h 15m 09s -39d 13m 13s

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NGC 80 group, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 115 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (93k)

NGC 80 is the brightest member of this diverse group of Galaxies in Andromeda.

NGC 80 is located at 00h 21m 11s +22d 21m 26s

I have made this image 1600 pixels wide, so you may scroll across this interesting bit of sky

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NGC 210, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 70 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (29k)

A nice ring type Sb spiral Galaxy in Cetus located at 00h 40m 35s -13d 52m 26s

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NGC 281, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (174k)

This object is also known as the 'Pac Man' nebula, among other fanciful names, and is an Open Cluster in Cassiopeia with a Sharpless Bright Nebula entwined. This image was shot when the southeast winds were the worst, gusting to over 15mph, and the transparency from the October 2003 Southern California wildfires was starting to go downhill. There is a slight E-W elongation of the star images, but not as bad as I had feared while the image was being taken.

NGC 281 is located at 00h 52m 49s +56d 37m 42s

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NGC 253, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 45 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (47k)

One of the spectacular southern spiral Sc Galaxies. Large (25' x 7.4') and bright (7.1 visual magnitude), this classic on edge galaxy is in Sculptor and located at 00h 47m 33s -25d 17m 18s

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NGC 300, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 65 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (52k)

This beautiful large (20' x 15') Sc spiral Galaxy in Sculptor is only about 18 degrees above my horizon, making the star images and resolution poor for this image. Located at 00h 54m 54s -37d 40m 57s

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NGC 660, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (39k)

This galaxy is classified as a 'peculiar' SB spiral Galaxy, and is located in Pisces at 01h 43m 02s +13d 38m 40s

This image is a Picture Window Pro 2.5 blend of two separate images with the 14.5" (125 minutes @f6 and 75 minutes @f5)

SprintScan 4000 scan


NGC 673, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (27k)

The little streak to the lower right of this SAB(s)c Galaxy in Aries is the asteroid Michela (1045), at magnitude 15.4

NGC 673 is located at 01h 48m 23s +11d 21m 33s

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NGC 891, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (36k)

A classic Sc on-edge spiral Galaxy in Andromeda, located at 02h 22m 33s +42d 21m 03s

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NGC 1232, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (40k)

A classic face on Sc spiral Galaxy in Eridanus, located at 03h 09m 45s -20d 34m 52s

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NGC 1300, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 80 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (46k)

This prototypical barred spiral (SBb(s)) Galaxy in Eridanus is located at 03h 19m 41s -19d 24m 41s

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NGC 1554/1555, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (65k)

One of the sky's few variable Bright Nebulae. This small complex in Taurus is located on the west side of the star T Tauri, and is also known as 'Struve's Lost Nebula' and 'Hind's Variable Nebula'. Located in a small Dark Lane known as B 84E.

NGC 1554/55 is located at 04h 21m 56s +19d 32m 03s

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NGC 2237/38 (the 'Rosette' nebula), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 115 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (129k)

This large complex in Monoceros contains Open Clusters, Bright Nebula and Dark Globules. The classic Rosette Nebula is well over a degree in size, so this image is just of the northwestern portion. The stars of the Open Cluster NGC 2244 can be seen at the middle left of this image, in the 'hole' in the Rosette, while the prominent line of a Dark Lane stretches from upper left to the right. Bok Globules are the little round dark spots across the nebulosity. The Rosette is variously cataloged as NGC 2237/2238, Sh2-275, LBN 949, etc.

The center of this image is at approximately 06h 30m 47s +05d 06m 54s

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NGC 2336, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (54k)

A beautiful high declination SBbc spiral Galaxy in Camelopardalis at 07h 27m 04s +80d 10m 44s

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NGC 2359 ('Thor's Helmet'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 65 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (115k)

A Bright Nebula in Canis Major, also known as 'The Duck Nebula'. located at 07h 18m 31s -13d 14m 00s

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NGC 2403, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 105 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (102k)

This large face-on Sc Galaxy in Camelopardalis is a member of the M 81 group, and is located at 07h 36m 33s +65d 36m 39s

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NGC 2535 (Arp 82), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (47k)

This paring of small Galaxies in Cancer is known as Arp 82. NGC 2536 is the small galaxy at the end of the plume of material being pulled from the larger S(c) peculiar galaxy NGC 2535. This image is a Picture Window 2.5 blend of a 121 minute February 1999 and a 120 minute March 1999 negative. NGC 2535 is located 08h 11m 13s +25d 12m 22s

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NGC 2903, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 106 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (41k)

A large (13' x 6.6'), bright (9th magnitude), Sc spiral Galaxy in Leo located at 09h 32m 10s +21d 30m 02s

This image is a Picture Window Pro 2.5 blend of two SprintScan scans of the same negative

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NGC 3044, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (155k)

This slender SBc spiral Galaxy is located in Sextans at 09h 53m 41s +01d 34m 45s

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NGC 3184, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (43k)

Another beautiful face-on Sc spiral Galaxy, this one in Ursa Major, located at 10h 18m 17s +41d 25m 27s

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NGC 3423, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 135 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (46k)

This nice face-on spiral Galaxy in Sextans is located at 10h 51m 14s +05d 50m 23s

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NGC 4027 (Arp 22), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 67 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (34k)

A strange little Sc spiral Galaxy in Corvus that is only about 40' SSW of the 'Antennae' (see below). Located at 11h 59m 31s -19d 15m 43s

This image was meant to be 100 minutes, but the power connection to my drive corrector failed at 67 minutes (stars fixed in Photoshop)

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NGC 4038 & NGC 4039 (the 'Antennae'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 60 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (71k)

This pair of merging spiral Galaxies in Corvus is also known as the Ringtail galaxies. Located at 12h 01m 53s -18d 52m 18s

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NGC 4214, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (41k)

NGC 4214 is a large Irregular (SBmIII) Galaxy in Canes Venatici located at 12h 15m 40s +36d 19m 34s

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NGC 4216 (centered) area, 14.5" f 5 Newtonian,120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (46k)

This interesting group of on-edge Galaxies in Virgo is centered on NGC 4216, which is located at 12h 15m 54s +13d 08m 58s

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NGC 4244, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (37k)

This interesting on-edge Scd Galaxy in Canes Venatici is located at 12h 17m 30s +37d 48m 27s

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NGC 4274, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (33k)

This nice Sa(rs) (ie. ring) Galaxy in Coma Berenices is located at 12h 19m 51s +29d 56m 51s

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NGC 4395, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 150 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (63k)

NGC 4395 is a large, faint Sd spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici with very faint arms. Located at 12h 25m 50s +33d 32m 46s

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NGC 4565, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 111 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (58k)

This is the prototypical on-edge Galaxy. Located in Coma Berenices at 12h 36m 21s +25d 59m 05s

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NGC 4631, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (39k)

An chaotic looking on-edge Sc Galaxy in Canes Venatici. Located at 12h 42m 08s +32d 32m 28s

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NGC 4656, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (40k)

This Irregular Galaxy in Cane Venatici is located at 12h 43m 58s +32d 10m 18s, just over 32 minutes SSE from NGC 4631 (above)

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NGC 4762 and NGC 4754, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415(44k)

NGC 4762 is the on-edge S0 Galaxy between the two stars at the lower left. Center of image at 12h 52m 36s +11d 16m 29s

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NGC 4866, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 160 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (63k)

NGC 4866 is a on-edge Sa Galaxy with very faint outer arms. UGC 8091 is the disorganized little Galaxy about 13 minutes to the right (west)

Center of the image is about 12h 58m 36s +14d 12m 56s

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NGC 5033, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (55k)

One of the many beautiful Galaxies in the 'Realm of the Galaxies'.

This one is a SB(r) spiral in Canes Venatici, located at 13h 13m 28s +36d 35m 38s

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NGC 5466, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6 (12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (90k)

A wonderfully large (11 arc minutes) and relatively bright (9.0 visual) Globular Cluster in Bootes that should be better known. Very apparent in my camera viewfinder, this globular was a large (unresolved) glow. This is a wide view because the stellar images are to poor for a high resolution view.

NGC 5466 is located at 14h 05m 27s +28d 32m 04s

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NGC 5566 group (Arp 286), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (47k)

NGC 5566 is the largest of these three interacting Galaxies in Virgo. Center of this image is about 14h 20m 13s +03d 57m 57s

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NGC 5792, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (43k)

A nearly on-edge SBb spiral Galaxy in Libra with very faint outer arms. Located at 14h 58m 23s -01d 05m 48s

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NGC 6240 (the 'Lobster'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (31k)

NGC 6240 is classified as a I0 peculiar Galaxy. Named the "Lobster" in Mercury magazine.

Located in Ophiuchus at 16h 52m 59s +02d 24m 02s

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NGC 6339, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 115 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (51k)

A nice smallish (3.3' x 1.8') face-on SBc Galaxy in Hercules. Located at 17h 17m 07s +40d 50m 45s

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NGC 6366, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (76K)

This large, very open Globular Cluster in Ophiuchus is located at 17h 27m 44s -05d 04m 36s

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NGC 6589 complex, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 120 minutes on hypered tech Pan 2415 (158k)

This complex area in Sagittarius is comprised of two smallish Reflection Nebulae (NGC 6589 and NGC 6590) and a larger (12 minutes) Bright Nebula (IC 1283/1284). All this is set against the bright Milky Way StarCloud about 16 degrees to the NNE of M 8.

Center of this image is at approximately 18h 17m 33s -19d 47m 45s

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NGC 6603 (aka M 24), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 60 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (206k)

This very rich Open Cluster is situated against the dense background of the "Small Sagittarius Star Cloud" in Sagittarius. NGC 6603 is located at 18h 18m 30s -18d 24m 00s, about 7 degrees NNE of M 8 (Lagoon Nebula), in the densest, most prominent part of the Milky Way

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NGC 6717 (Palomar 9), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 45 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (70k)

This Globular Cluster in located in Sagittarius at 18h 55m 07s -22d 42m 24s. The bright star is 35 Sgr at about 5th magnitude

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NGC 6749, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 105 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (139k)

Another Globular Cluster, this one in Aquila. NGC 6749 had also been classified as Berkeley 42, but the Berkeley designated objects are supposed to be open clusters. Apparently, NGC 6749 is now thought to be a globular cluster. Located at 19h 05m 15s +01d 54m 06s

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NGC 6772, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 45 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (61k)

This large Planetary Nebula in Aquila is located at 19h 14m 36s -02d 42m 22s

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NGC 6781, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 60 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (91k)

Finally got a decent image of this large (1.8 arc minutes) and bright (11.8 photographic magnitude) Planetary Nebula in Aquila.

NGC 6781 is located at 19h 18m 28s +06d 32m 23s

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NGC 6819, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 50 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (127k)

Another nice Open Cluster, this one in Cygnus. Located at 19h 41m 18s +40d 11m 00s

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NGC 6822 ('Barnard's galaxy'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (120k)

This is a 14.5" reshoot. Older negative from September 1992 was too dense for the old HP scanner

NGC 6822 is a Local Group Irregular ImIV Galaxy in Sagittarius located at 19h 44m 58s -14d 48m 11s

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NGC 6885 (NGC 6882), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 75 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (153k)

This Open Cluster in Vulpecula has an identity crisis. I shot this area using a chart from Megastar v4, which indicated that N 6882 is the larger (18.0 arc minutes) of the two clusters, with N 6885 listed at 7.0' and contained within its southeast corner. In their recently published tome, "Star Clusters", by Brent A. Archinal and Steven J. Hynes, they indicate that Herschel possibly cataloged the same object twice. Also, Trumpler cataloged the grouping of stars at the center of my image as number 416. This area is what Megastar v4 designated as the center N 6882. Archinal and Hynes lean towards considering NGC 6885 and NGC 6882 as one object, centered on the bright (magnitude 5.91) star 20 Vulpecula, so the way I shot and cropped this image, NGC 6885 fills almost the entire field of view

NGC 6885 is located at 20h 12m 01s +26d 27m 42s (Archinal & Hynes)

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NGC 6888, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (297k)

NGC 6888 is also known as the 'Crescent Nebula'. This is a Bright Nebula in the Cygnus milky way located at 20h 12m 01s +38d 23m 00s

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NGC 6914 (area), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (132k)

This complex area in Cygnus is riddled with Bright Nebulae, Dark Lanes and Reflection Nebulae. In the central part of this image are reflection nebulae known as NGC 6914, 6914A and 6914B (A and B are also known as vdB 131 and vdB 132). In addition, the large 'clouds' of bright nebulosity on the left (east) of the image have GN and DWB designations. The entire region of The Swan is a complex mass of bright nebula spanning at least 30 degrees. The center of this image is located at approximately 20h 25m 10s +42d 25m 30s

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NGC 7023, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (79k)

Another try at what some call the 'Iris Nebula', another example of a Bright Nebula and Open Cluster entwined. This was the second shot of two planned images for this object. The first shot of 30 minutes was for the bright core, but didn't come out. This was the second 'long' shot for the outer regions, but burns out the bright star and inner nebulosity. During this image the southeast winds started blowing, and the scope was not configured for the wind (in the f6 configuration, without the light shield extension), resulting in some slight E-W trailing of the star images.

NGC 7023 is located at 21h 01m 37s +68d 10m 00s

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NGC 7133 area, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 115 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (63k)

This small Bright Nebula in Cepheus is surrounded by several smaller names patches of nebulosity and a sparse Open Cluster

NGC 7133 is located at 21h 42m 57s +66d 06m 00s

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NGC 7293 (the 'Helix'), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (79k)

This very large and bright Planetary Nebula in Aquarius is one of the closest of its class. Located at 22h 29m 38s -20d 50m 13s

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NGC 7380, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12") 130 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (196k)

A nice combination of an Open Cluster (NGC 7380) intertwined with a Bright Nebula (Sh2-142) in the constellation Cepheus

Located at 22h 47m 00s +58d 06m 00s

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NGC 7479, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), over 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (92k)

While imaging this 'S' type SB(s)c spiral Galaxy in Pegasus, the ST4 lost the guide star near the end of the (planned) 125 minute exposure. When the ST4 goes into the 'search' mode, it moves each axis in succession to try to reacquire the quidestar. In this case it didn't find it, and the brighter stars painted a stair-step pattern across the negative. I cleaned up this pattern with Photoshop, and may use this image in a Picture Window blend with a previous N 7479 image

NGC 7479 is located at 23h 04m 57s +12d 19m 16s

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NGC 7538, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 80 minutes on hypered tech Pan 2415 (54k)

NGC 7538 is a Bright Nebula in Cepheus that is in an area of sky that contains many interesting nebulae. NGC 7538 is within 1.5 degrees of NGC 7635 (the Bubble Nebula) and the bright open cluster M 52, both to the east. Also in the area are several fainter Sharpless and GN nebulae.

Located at 23h 13m 42s +61d 31m 09s

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NGC 7772, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 30 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (51k)

This little Open Cluster in Pegasus reminds me of M 73, as it is above the plane of the Milky Way and is very sparse. Data says there are 10 stars here, but I only see 9 stars that are within the 5.0 arc minute circle drawn by the charting software (Megastar v5). NGC 7772 is located at 23h 51m 46s +16d 14m 41s

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NGC 7814, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (41k)
A classic on-edge S(ab) Galaxy in Pegasus with an extremely thin and straight dust lane.
NGC 7814 is located at 00h 03m 15s +16d 08m 45s
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Parsamian 21, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 40 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (30k)

This little Bright Nebula (Reflection?) in Aquila is also known as GN 19.26.6.01, [NS84], HH 221.

Located at 19h 29m 01s +09d 39m 00s
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PK24-5.1, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 60 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (50k)

A small (21 arc seconds) ring Planetary Nebula in Scutum located 18h 54m 17s -10d 05m 11s

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PK31-0.2 (PNG 31.3-0.5), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (35k)

This funny little Planetary Nebula is located in Aquila at 18h 50m 25s -01d 40m 09s

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PK35-0.1, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 75 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (27k)

This little 32 arc second Planetary Nebula in Aquila is an IR source; aka Aprm 2-1, located at 18h 58m 08s +01d 37m 06s

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PK36-1.1, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 105 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (42k)

This is a Planetary Nebula that was also mistakenly classified at a bright nebula (Sh2-71). Located in Aquila at 19h 02m 00s +02d 09m 23s

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PK76+1.1 (Abell 69), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (75k)

This small (22 arc seconds) and faint (20.1 photographic magnitude?) Planetary Nebula in Cygnus is located at 20h 19m 57s +38d 24m 06s

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PK101+8.1 (Abell 75), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (103k)

This fairly large (67 x 47 arc seconds) and faint (17.0 photographic magnitude) Planetary Nebula in Cepheus has been mis-plotted in some atlases as NGC 7076, which is apparently non-existent. Kent Wallace and Steve Gottlieb have researched its history and determined that NGC 7076 is a mis-plotted PK101+8.1. The CDS's SIMBAD lists only PK101+8.1 (PNG 101.8+08.7) at this position.

PK101+8.1 is located at 21h 26m 24s +62d 53m 37s

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PK198-6.1 (Abell 12), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 35 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (52k)

This interesting Planetary Nebula is also small (37 arc seconds), round, but fairly bright (13.9 photographic magnitude). Situated in Orion, maybe its most notable characteristic is its location. Abell 12 is located less than one arc minute from the fourth magnitude Mu Orionis (61 Ori)

Located at 06h 02m 21s +09d 39m 07s

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PK217+14.1 (Abell 24), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (72k)

An interesting large (6.0 x 5.5 arc minutes) and relatively bright (13.6 photographic magnitude) Planetary Nebula in Canis Major.

Located at 07h 51m 41s +03d 00m 26s

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Sh2-82, 14.5" f5 Newtonian,150 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (108k)

An interesting little (9.0 arc minutes) Bright Nebula in Sagitta. One of many little 'bright spots' in this part of the Milky Way

Located at 19h 30m 21s +18d 16m 31s

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Sh2-132, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 130 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (192k)

A large (about 80 x 70 arc minutes), fairly dim Bright Nebula in Cepheus. This section is the brightest part, and is about 41 x 29 arc minutes in size. The remainder of the nebulosity is to the south, and is about twice as large, but very dim. Sharpless 2-132 is often overlooked due to its position between, and south of, the large IC 1396 to the west and NGC 7380/Sh2-142 to the east.

Sh2-132 is located at 22h 19m 20s +56d 06m 00s

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Sh2-188, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 130 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (159k)

This 'bright nebula' (name from the Sharpless catalog) in Cassiopeia is now thought to be an old Planetary Nebula. Also known as PK128-4.1 and the 'Little Crescent nebula' this is another often overlooked object that is just 1.5 degrees due east of the splashy open cluster NGC 475.

Sh2-188 is located at 01h 30m 30s +58d 23m 30s

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Sh2-239 in LDN 1551, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 125 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (47k)

This faint little Bright Nebula is located in Taurus at 04h 21m 31s +18d 08m 00s

This area in Taurus is riddled with large dark lanes. Sh2-239 is the little patch of nebulosity in the dark lane LDN 1551

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Sh2-273 and NGC 2264, 14.5" f5 Newtonian,100 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (115k)

A stunning photographic region of the winter Milky Way in Monoceros. Sh2-273 is a very large Bright Nebulosity that surrounds and gives 'form' to the dark nebulosity that is the 'Cone' nebula, in the southern portion of this image. This is the same situation that produces the Horsehead nebula (IC 434 <bright> and B 33 <dark>). This part of Sh2-273 also extends northwards to the Open Cluster NGC 2264, of which about two thirds is contained in this image. The brightest star at the heart of NGC 2264 is the 4.7 magnitude 15 Monoceros

Center of this image is at approximately 06h 40m 50s +09d 37m 00s

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UGC 1176, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 150 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (33k)

UGC 1176 is a dwarf irregular Galaxy (larger of the two) in Pisces that is just 50 minutes WSW of the much larger Messier 74

Center of this image is about 01h 39m 55s +15d 54m 15s

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UGC 3697 ('Integral Sign' galaxy), 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 80 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (43k)

A 'disturbed' Sb peculiar Galaxy in Camelopardalis located at 07h 11m 21s +71d 50m 06s

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UGC 4305, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 180 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (73k)

This interesting Dwarf Irregular Galaxy is fairly large (7.9 x 6.3 arc minutes), but faint (11.1 blue magnitude), and is also known as Holmberg II and Arp 268. UGC 4305 is part of the M 81 / NGC 2403 galaxy group. Located in Ursa Major at 08h 19m 12s +70d 43m 15s

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UGC 5373, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 135 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (67k)

This irregular ImIV-V Galaxy is in Sextans and is also known as Sextans B. The 'seeing' during this exposure was very bad, with the ST4 autoguider numbers averaging between A4 to AE! Some slight E-W trailing can be seen. Located at 10h 00m 00s +05d 19m 57s

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UGC 5470 (Leo I), 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (74k)

This is the most famous (and easiest to find) of the faint Leo dwarf galaxies. UGC 5470 is classified as an E3 in most of my sources, but the CDS information indicates it is a dwarf (elliptical) Galaxy. Regulus (Alpha Leonis, 1.4 magnitude) is just a little over 20 arc minutes due south of Leo I, and the lines cutting through the galaxy are the northern spikes from my second support vanes.

UGC 5470 is located at 10h 08m 28s +12d 18m 27s

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UGC 12281, 14.5" f5 Newtonian stopped to f6(12"), 110 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (29k)

This slender little thread of a Galaxy in Pegasus is located at 22h 59m 12s +13d 36m 21s

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UGC 12342 (bottom) and UGC 12350, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 120 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (52k)

UGC 12342 is the really interesting galaxy in this image. It is cataloged as a 'strongly peculiar' Sc Galaxy. UGC 12342 is a possible disturbed pair with UGC 12350, is just 12 minutes to the NNE (galaxy at the top). Center of this image in Pegasus is about 23h 05m 05s +16d 45m 25s

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UGC 12613, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 165 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (67k)

This last UGC galaxy is faint (aren't they all) at 12.6 visual magnitude, and fairly large at 5.0 x 2.7 arc minutes. It is classified as a Dwarf Irregular Galaxy, and is also known as the 'Pegasus Dwarf'

Located in Pegasus at 23h 28m 34s +14d 44m 48s

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V838 Mon, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (77k)

This interesting object is a new Nova light echo shell that has developed since January 2002. The "V" is for variable. This is the 838th variable star discovered in the constellation Monoceros. This object is would be classified as a type of Planetary Nebula, and is presently about 2.5 x 2.2 arc minutes in size.

This image is a Picture Window 2.5 blend of the 90 minute February 2003 image and a 14.5 " at f6 (12") March 2003 image

V 838 Mon is located at 07h 04m 05s -03d 50m 51s

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vdB 142 in IC 1396, 14.5" f5 Newtonian, 85 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 (159k)

This has become a popular field to image; however, there is confusion as to the actual positional identity of the object known as 'vdB 142'. According to the "Atlas of Galactic Nebulae", by Th. Neckel and H. Vehrenberg, the object they designate as GN 21.35.1.02 (vdB 142) is a faint blue reflection nebula to the northwest of the star near the eastern end of LDN 1105 (dark lane). The sinuous dark lane (LDN 1105) with the bright rim and embedded dark markings is not vdB 142. I have placed a small arrow in my image to point out the position of vdB 142.

See this image by Gary Stevens and note the location of vdB 142 by its blue color

Location of vdB 142 is 21h 36m 39s +57d 30m 29s

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