NGC 1435 (IC 349, vdB 22) aka "Merope Nebula" Bright Nebula in Taurus

Center of field at approximately: RA 03 hours 46 minutes 24 seconds, Dec +23 degrees 49 minutes 47 seconds

Size: ~30' Magnitude: -- Class: Reflection

North is up

West to the right


 8" f5 Newtonian reflector


 ST-8XME, self-guided, binned 1x1, temp -20c, camera control MaxIm DL 4.56


Lumicon Deep Sky filter, 360 minutes (36 x 10 minute subs), 02/26/27/2008; seeing 2.6-4.5 FWHM per CCDStack


CCDStack 1.3.2, Photoshop 7.0


 Rolling Roof Observatory, Thousand Oaks, CA 91360 (+34d 13m 29s -118h 52m 20s)


This is a view of the 'southern' part of M 45, the 'Pleiades'. The many bright stars in M 45 make the reflections and blooms interesting to process ... See here for a SEDS view of the entire M 45 open cluster and information on some of the many individually names objects in the entire M 45 'complex'. See my 8" f5 Newtonian film image here.

From the NGC / IC Project:

Contemporary Visual Observation(s) for NGC 1435

NGC 1435 = Merope Nebula = Tempel's Nebula = Ced 19j = vdB 22
03 46 10 +23 45.9
Size 30x30

17.5": at 100x, the Merope Nebula is the brightest of the reflection nebulae 
that encase the Pleiades.  It appears as a moderately bright, very large, fan-
shaped cone of light extended in a wedge SW to SE from  Merope.  The boundary of 
the nebulosity is straighter and better defined along the SE edge where it 
follows a string of mag 10-11 stars.  The SW border is not as well defined but 
extends beyond a trio of mag 13 stars.  The fan is broadest at its southern 
extremity which is roughly 15' from Merope.

8": very large, faint, very elongated tear-drop shaped nebulosity extending SW 
away from Merope.  Has a sharper edge along the eastern side.  Visible in 16x80 
finder with a Deep Sky filter.

- by Steve Gottlieb
Historical Research Notes / Correction for NGC 1435
NGC 1435 is the part of the reflection nebula around Merope extending almost 
directly south by 10 to 15 arcmin from the star.  For some time, I had thought
that it and IC 349 (which see) are identical.  However, reading Barnard's 
careful observations of the Pleiades in AN 3018 (where he announces the 
discovery of IC 349), it became clear that the IC object is actually a 
brighter knot in the larger Merope nebula, and very close to the star itself.
Under normal conditions, Merope's light swamps the knot, so it is not 
surprising that it was not found until the keen-eyed Barnard turned the Lick
36-inch refractor on it.

NGC 1435, however, is fairly easily seen on good nights with much smaller
telescopes.  I've picked it out with a six-inch, and I suspect that any good
scope of four inches or more would give a view of it. - Dr. Harold G. Corwin, Jr.