NGC 1 (UGC 57), NGC 2 (UGC 59), NGC 16 (UGC 80) and NGC 22 (UGC 86) Galaxies in Pegasus

Center of field at approximately: 00 hours 08 minutes 37 seconds, Dec +27 degrees 42 minutes 31 seconds

Size: 1.8' x 1.2', 1.2' x 0.7', 2.2' x 1.3' and 1.4' x 1.2'

Magnitude: 12.8 visual, 14.1 visual, 13.0 blue and 14.4 photographic

Class: SA(s)b:, Sab, SAB0- sp and Sb

North is up

West to the right

Telescope:

8" f5 Newtonian reflector

Camera:

 ST-8XME, self-guided, binned 1x1, temp -15c & -20c, camera control MaxIm DL 4.56

Image:

Lumicon Red filter, 610 minutes (61 x 10 minute subs), 10/2/4/7/2010; 2.5-3.3 FWHM per CCDStack

Processing:

CCDStack 2.14.3930.18957, Photoshop 7.0

Location:

 Rolling Roof Observatory, Thousand Oaks, CA 91360 (+34d 13m 29s -118h 52m 20s)

Notes: Shot this field because it contains the first two NGC objects ... plus one galaxy similar to NGC 22 that was missed. The little spiral to the south (bottom) is UGC 69 (1.5' x 0.8'; 14.5 photographic mag , Cl: Scd:).

The NGC galaxies (from west to east <right to left>) are NGC 1 and NGC 2, NGC 16, and NGC 22. See this marked image.

From the NGC / IC Project:

Contemporary Visual Observation(s) ...

NGC 0001 = UGC 00057 = MCG +04-01-025 = CGCG 477-054 = PGC 00564
00 07 15.9 +27 42 29
V = 12.9;  Size 1.6x1.2;  SB = 13.5;  PA = 120d

17.5" (11/14/87): moderately bright, slightly elongated ~E-W, bright core, 
stellar nucleus.  Forms a pair with NGC 2 just 1.8' S.  The two galaxies are not 
physically related, with NGC 2 in the background.

17.5" (9/19/87): fairly faint, oval 3:2 ~E-W, small, bright core, stellar 
nucleus.  A mag 12 star lies 1.9' NNE and a mag 13 star is 1.5' NNW of center.

13" (8/24/84): fairly faint, very small, small bright core.

13" (11/5/83): faint, very small.  Forms a pair with NGC 2 2' SSE.

- by Steve Gottlieb
NGC 0002 = UGC 00059 = MCG +04-01-026 = CGCG 477-055 = PGC 00567
00 07 17.1 +27 40 41
V = 14.2;  Size 1.0x0.6;  SB = 13.6;  PA = 115d

17.5" (11/14/87): very faint, very small, slightly elongated, even surface 
brightness.  A mag 12.5 star lies 1.1' W of center.  Forms a pair with brighter 
and larger NGC 1 1.8' N.

17.5" (9/19/87): faint, small, elongated ~E-W.  A mag 13 star lies 1' W.

13" (8/24/84): very faint, very small, low surface brightness.  Forms a close 
pair with NGC 1.

- by Steve Gottlieb
NGC 0016 = UGC 00080 = MCG +04-01-032 = CGCG 477-061 = PGC 00660
00 09 04.3 +27 43 46
V = 12.0;  Size 1.8x1.0;  SB = 12.4;  PA = 16d

17.5" (11/14/87): moderately bright, fairly small, oval SSW-NNE, small bright 
core, stellar nucleus.

17.5" (9/19/87): fairly bright, moderately large, elongated ~N-S, bright core, 
stellar nucleus.  NGC 22 lies 12' NE.

13" (8/24/84) : moderately bright, small, bright stellar nucleus, small fainter 
lens SSW-NNE.

8" (6/19/82): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, weak concentration.

Discovered by WH (IV 15) although his RA was 1m 20s following UGC 80.  This 
galaxy was also recorded by JH as h5 ("a star 15m with a burr, RA from Cat.") 
and again listed as GC 12, although JH mentioned that d'Arrest noted the 
position of h5 was in error.  In the NGC, Dreyer equates h4 (at the correct 
place) with IV 15 = h5.

- by Steve Gottlieb
NGC 0022 = UGC 00086 = MCG +05-01-039 = CGCG 499-055 = PGC 00690
00 09 48.2 +27 49 57
V = 13.6;  Size 1.8x1.4;  SB = 14.3;  PA = 160d

17.5" (11/14/87): faint, fairly small, diffuse, slightly elongated, broad 
concentration.  Located 2.5' S of a mag 10 star.  Forms a wide pair with N16 12' 
SW.

13" (8/24/84): very faint, fairly small, roundish, very diffuse, even surface 
brightness.

13" (11/5/83): extremely faint, small, round.  A mag 9 star 3' N interferes with 
viewing.  Located 12' NE of N16.

- by Steve Gottlieb
*** NGC 18 ***
Historical Research Notes / Correction for NGC 18
NGC 18 is a double star 4 arcmin following NGC 16.  It was found by
Herman Schultz whose micrometric position, measured on two nights, is within 3
arcsec of the GSC position.  Dreyer notes that N18 was not seen by either
d'Arrest or by Lord Rosse. - Dr. Harold G. Corwin, Jr.
Correction Disclaimer
As with all corrections to the NGC and IC Catalogues, there is a certain margin
for error, even though the evidence supporting the correction may be strong and
compelling. It is with this in mind that we ask the user to use this information
as 'Most Probable', but never to assume the correction is 'Absolute'.  All
published corrections are based on an exhaustive 'paper chase' of the historical
record back to the original discoverer's published notes/papers, and are
therefore based upon the historical accuracy (or inaccuracy) of those particular
notes/papers. In short, Caveat Emptor! - Robert E. Erdmann, Jr.