NGC 6960 (Sh2-109, aka the "Veil") (Supernova Remnant) Bright Nebula in Cygnus

Center of field at approximately: RA 20 hours 45 minutes 55 seconds, Dec +30 degrees 53 minutes 01 seconds

Size: 60' x 9.0' Magnitude: -- Class: SNR (Sharpless) 2 3 2

North is up

West to the right


 8" f5 Newtonian reflector


  ST-8XME, self-guided, binned 1x1, temp -15c, camera control MaxIm DL 4.56


Lumicon Red filter, 840 minutes  (84 x 10 minute subs), 07/18/20/21/22/24/2009; seeing 2.1-3.8 FWHM per CCDStack


CCDStack, Photoshop 7.0


 Rolling Roof Observatory, Thousand Oaks, CA 91360 (+34d 13m 29s -118h 52m 20s)


Little disappointed on how this one came out for 14 hours of exposure ... I guess narrowband filtration is required to really show the filamentary structure. It may be that conditions lately were not the best. It has been mostly 'clear' here (occasional high and/or mid level clouds), but more humid than normal. We have been on the western edge of a large high centered over the four corner area for the past week or ten days, effecting this image and the Dolidze 27 and LBN 35 image.

From the NGC / IC Project:

Contemporary Visual Observation(s) for NGC 6960

NGC 6960 = Veil Nebula = LBN 191
20 45 58 +30 35.7
Size 70x6

13.1": this is the prominent western section of the "Veil nebula" and is 
spectacular with an OIII filter.  Bright, extremely large, very elongated N-S, 
stretches across the entire low power field while passing through the bright 
unequal double 52 Cygni = 4.3/9.5 at 6".  Fans out to the south and splits into 
two delicate branches and fainter wisps.  The bright curving nebulosity N of 52 
Cygni has a remarkable "electric" quality.  It has an abrupt bend about midway 
and then tapers down to a narrow tip towards the north end gently bowing out 
towards the W side.  Fantastic detail using a 20 Nagler and OIII filter.

- by Steve Gottlieb
Historical Research Notes / Correction for NGC 6960
NGC 6960, NGC 6974, NGC 6979, NGC 6992, NGC 6995, and IC 1340 are all part of
the Veil Nebula, the wonderful supernova remnant in Cygnus.  The various parts
are so large, and most of them so bright, that the generally poor positions in
the NGC don't matter.  Only the position for NGC 6974 (which see) is 
completely off its intended part of the nebulosity.

WH describes his "front-view" (what we now call the Herschelian focus of a
reflecting telescope) in a note to his observation of NGC 6960.  He writes 
that at the Newtonian focus the nebula extended one degree across the sky, 
while at the Herschelian focus, it stretched twice as far.  He is clearly 
extremely pleased with the performance of his telescope in its "front-view"
configuration, but I expect that the additional awkwardness in using it drove
him to the Newtonian focus for most of his sweeping.

In the IC2 Notes for NGC 6992, Dreyer paraphrases a short note by Pickering 
(at the end of an article in ApJ 23, 257, 1906) which describes the appearance
of the entire Veil as seen on a 24-inch Bruce plate of 4 hours exposure.
Unfortunately, Pickering chose to not publish the photograph; it would have
made an impressive plate in this early ApJ paper. - Dr. Harold G. Corwin, Jr.